American history is filled with tragic stories of the conquest of Native American land and people. One of the lesser-known stories is that of the Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohican Indians. Today, their descendants are based in Wisconsin. But in the 18th century, before they were forced to relocate west, their ancestors lived and thrived on lands that stretched from the Hudson Valley in New York to Vermont. In Stockbridge, Massachusetts, tribal leaders worked side by side with colonists to govern the local township. Listen to learn more about the Stockbridge-Munsee Mohicans and how efforts are underway to restore their rich and forgotten history.
Story Length: 7:56
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The massacre of more than 150 Sioux Native Americans in 1890 at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota was the last major confrontation between the U.S. Army and Native Americans. A book was written about this in 1970 titled Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, and a movie was recently made. They tell the story of the efforts of the United States government to assimilate Native Americans into American life, which nearly destroyed the culture, religion, and way of life of Native American peoples. Listen to hear more about how this history of mistreatment is portrayed in the movie about these events.
In the pre-Columbian world, Mayan civilization thrived in what is now modern-day Mexico and Central America. The Mayans created an advanced civilization that included developments in math, astronomy and writing among other achievements. Spanish conquests were destructive to Mayan history and culture. However, archaeologists have helped the world rediscover the rich civilization of the Mayan people. In this audio story, we learn about the discovery of over 200 Mayan artifacts found in a cave on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula, which researchers hope will give insight into the rise and fall of Mayan civilization.
The story of the Osage tribe reflects, in many ways, the typical Native American experience in America. The Osage were a once-powerful midwestern tribe forced to relocate to Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. However, the land they settled on turned out to be oil-rich, and the Osage became tremendously wealthy as a result. A recent book tells the horrifying story of how, in the early 20th century, dozens of Osage were murdered by local whites aiming to take control of their money. Listen to the author describe how the sinister plot unfolded and how the subsequent investigation led to the rise of the FBI.
The Declaration of Independence is one of America’s sacred texts. Yet a closer examination of it reveals contradictory ideas about whose liberty and equality the Declaration of Independence was championing when it was written. For many Native Americans, the Declaration’s contradictions are glaring. It asserts the idea that people are born equal, but it also calls Native Americans “merciless...savages.” It justified a revolution to free colonists from British rule, but the war was also fought to determine who could colonize Indian land in the west. Listen to learn how the Declaration of Independence reflects both the promise of America’s founding and its conflicted history.
The Lexile Audio Measure is an indicator of the complexity of an audio passage. It is based on a scientifically developed scale with a maximum score of 2000L.How to Use Lexile Audio Measures
Find stories at the right level of complexity for your students, so that they will be challenged without being frustrated. The measures are categorized into low, medium, or high in order to aid teachers in story selection when they do not know students’ Lexile listening levels.
|Listening Level||Lexile Audio Measures|
These recommended ranges are for instructional use of Listenwise audio content in combination with supports such as the interactive transcript, etc.
|Grade||Lexile Audio Measures (Recommended Ranges)|
|1||215L - 610L|
|2||490L - 855L|
|3||725L - 1060L|
|4||945L - 1250L|
|5||1045L - 1350L|
|6||1125L - 1430L|
|7||1190L - 1500L|
|8||1250L - 1555L|
|9||1300L - 1610L|
|10||1345L - 1655L|
|11/12||1385L - 1695L|